Native Sunflower

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Tax included.

Helianthus annuus also known as Annual Sunflower, This hardy annual produces numerous yellow flowers. It is an upright plant, usually 5-6 feet in height. Adapted to a wide range of soil conditions throughout the Southern U.S.. Native Sunflowers usually require at least one year of overwintering in the ground to produce a solid stand of plants, due to high percentage of dormant seed.


Native Sunflower
Native Sunflowers

Common sunflower is a widely branching, stout annual, 1-1/2 to 10 ft. tall, with coarsely hairy leaves and stems. The terminal flowers heads are large and showy, up to 5 inches across. A tall, coarse leafy plant with a hairy stem commonly branched in the upper half and bearing several or many flower heads, the central maroon disc is surrounded by many bright yellow rays.

The state flower of Kansas. Contrary to common myth, the heads of sunflowers do not follow the sun each day. However, developing flower buds and leaves do exhibit some phototropism. The plant has been cultivated in Central North America since pre-Columbian times; yellow dye obtained from the flowers, and a black or dull blue dye from the seeds, were once important in Native American basketry and weaving. Native Americans also ground the seeds for flour and used its oil for cooking and dressing hair. It was believed, in the 19th century, that plants growing near a home would protect from malaria. Seeds from cultivated strains are now used for cooking oil and livestock feed in the United States and Eurasia. Many variants have been developed, some with one huge head topping a stalk 9-16 ft (3-5 m) tall, others with maroon rays. Prairie Sunflower (H. petiolaris), found throughout the Great Plains and similar to the wild forms of Common Sunflower, has scales on the disc in the center of the head tipped by white hairs, easily visible when the central flowers are spread apart. Developed in a single large head variety by Russians.

Helianthus annuus, also known as the common sunflower, is native to the following states in the United States:

  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Mexico
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming



I love Native Sunflowers in my home garden and landscape.

Mary Hoggins
Tyler, Texas

Last year in the Fall, I collected a lot of seeds I planted this year.

Author's name
Dallas, Texas

They really added a big splash of color to the front of my house garden bed. Love them!

Audrey Long
Mobile, Alabama

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